Residential schools were government-sponsored religious schools that were established to assimilate Indigenous children into Euro-Canadian settler society. With this purpose in mind, Indigenous children were removed from their parents, extended families, and home communities and relocated to residential facilities where they endured physical, emotional, and sexual violence at the hands of their Euro-Canadian caretakers. Over the summer of 2021, the unmarked graves of nearly 1,400 Indigenous children were discovered in Kamloops, BC; Brandon, MB; Marieval, SK; Cranbrook / Ktunaxa First Nation, BC; and Kuper Island / Penelakut Island, BC. Although the discovery in Kamloops led to international scrutiny, investigations into the unmarked gravesites of residential school victims have been undertaken since the 1970s. To date, between 2,300 and 2,800 Indigenous children are believed to have been murdered by residential school staff and caretakers.